Dr Jana Martiskova
It was rightly said by a famous scholar that;
”A Literature Review is more than an Annotated Bibliography or a summary, because you are organizing and presenting your sources in terms of their overall relationship to your own project.”
A lot of students make the common mistake of combining the introduction and the
That is a big mistake!
Both sections have different responsibilities and must be composed separately.
An introductory section in a dissertation proposal gives a brief overview of the research report with its problems and limitations while the dissertation proposal literature review explains the previous attempts made at the theme of the research and what their general outcomes were. Where the introduction focuses on the current, the literature review focuses on assessing and criticizing the past studies and making way for the current study.
So is it really necessary to compose these two sections separately and skillfully?
In one word, yes!
Keep in mind that a research proposal is one of the most important documents for your research reports. It gives a complete view of the dissertation that is coming up and discusses the strategies and the processes that the researcher will adopt for the study.
That is why it is very important that this document is developed with utmost skill and proficiency.
So, how to write literature review for proposal that stands out?
Just make sure that your literature review answers the following questions:
1- What do we already know about the topic?
Here, you can give a brief overview of the issue again so that the readers are on the same wavelength.
2- What are some of the key concepts observed through the studies over the period?
Give a brief study of the common studies observed throughout the years and identify the main variables and their relationships. Another advantage that this will serve is that this will help make your research report more authentic and will make you seem knowledgeable in the eyes of your reviewers.
3- What are the shortcomings, caps and inconsistencies that were observed throughout the previous researches?
Critically assess the previous researches, and then give your unbiased and objective opinion over the gaps and shortcomings observed in the research. The main purpose of your research is to provide the readers with novel and objective views of your study.
4- What methods and techniques have been used previously to solve the problem?
Observe and state the methods and techniques that were used in the past. This will also guide you in your study’s methodology section.
In conclusion, you can also take assistance from the literature review proposal example and samples available online to help you with your proposal. But remember that you cannot copy the example as your literature review needs to be unique and plagiarism free.