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The main goal of research is to discover new knowledge but if you want to compose a successful research methodology then you need to have sound knowledge of the different types of methodology that are used for research.
The analytical method is somewhat different from descriptive one. Here, the researcher already has the information or facts available and must analyze it to make critical evaluation for research.
The fundamental research, on the other hand is also called the basic or pure research. It deals with study of generations to formulate a basic theory on the same. Here, the hypothesis consists of variables that remain constant throughout the study. The reporting part of this research is done in technical terms.
Where the quantitative research tries to determine the numbers, the qualitative research is more concerned with the subjective behaviors of the population and tries to determine the factors which affect decision making, moods and attitudes. These research methodology types are important for behavioral students or people who are conducting research is the field of sociology, psychology or social science.
Empirical research is used when proof is sought on how one variable affects another. Here, experiments are conducting to gather data to support the given hypothesis.
Non-experimental research simply tries to measure the present level of independent variable over the dependent variable. Here, no hypothesis is developed prior to investigation.
So there you have some of the basic types of research methodology that will help you select the appropriate type of research method for your dissertation.