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Primary Research Question

 – Easy Explanation with the Help of Effective Examples

If you want a complete in-depth view on primary research questions for your thesis or dissertation, then you’ve come to the right place.

Since we know that you will never be able to understand what primary investigative questions are without examples, we’ll first tell you what the two different types of study questions are and then we’ll try to elaborate further with examples of primary research.
There are two basic types of research question:

  1. Secondary research question:
    When the researcher takes already existing data for his own study, it is known as secondary research. The question that describes the main specific objective of this type of research is known as secondary research question. Types of data collection methods include governmental statistics, focus group transcripts, journals etc.
  2. Primary research question:
    When researcher carries out an investigation to collect original and first hand data, it is called primary research. The question that describes the main specific objective of this type of research is known as primary study question. Types of data collection methods include personal observation, interviews, questionnaires, focus groups, mystery shopping etc.

For primary research it is extremely important to formulate a good research question as the more effectively the question describes the objectives of the research, the better direction it will give the study.
These types of research questions have two approaches:

    • Qualitative research questions:
      These are research questions formed to gather personal opinions and subjective views instead of statistics and mathematics. They include personal interviews and personal observations.
    • Quantitative research questions:
      These are research questions formed to gather statistical data instead of subjective opinions. They include field experiments, surveys and questionnaires.

Primary Study Question Example:

Quite often the primary study questions are vague and indistinct due to which they are not easily researchable. Primary question need to be broken down into specific sub problems that reflect the explicit objective of the topic and then formulated into the structure of a question so that the primary study question is relevant and provides a direction for the entire thesis or dissertation.

Example No.1:

Topic:

You are trying to conduct a study on substance abuse patterns of teenagers in the area

Correct Research Questions:
Some correct primary study questions that will reflect the specific objective of the research are:

  • What is the relationship between substance abuse in teenagers and their level of education?
  • What is the relationship between substance abuse in teenagers and their early childhood experiences?
  • What is the relationship between substance abuse in teenagers and crime rate in the locality?
  • Are teenage boys are more inclined towards substance abuse than teenage girls?

Example No.2:

Topic:

You are trying to conduct a study on the rising divorce rate in western countries

Correct Research Questions:

    • What is the relationship between divorce and the couple’s previous relationships?
    • What is the relationship between divorce and the couple’s level of education?
    • What is the relationship between divorce and domestic violence?
    • What is the relationship between divorce and female’s career goals?

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