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The Main Steps and Phases Involved In the Action Research Methodology

Action research can be defined as:
“Action research...aims to contribute both to the practical concerns of people in an immediate problematic situation and to further the goals of social science simultaneously. Thus, there is a dual commitment in action research to study a system and concurrently to collaborate with members of the system in changing it in what is together regarded as a desirable direction”

To put it more simply,

what is action research methodology


It is the type of research that is undertaken through form of self-reflective enquiry in social situations in order to improve their understanding of practices, situations etc. Action research is simply done by action, as per the name.

Steps involved in research methodology action research:

  • Identification Of Problem Area:
    There may be a lot of problems areas that interest you for research but the key is to choose the area in which research has not been conducted previously and where you can find the data for analysis easily.
  • Collection and Organization of the Data:
    There are many sources for data collection for example, interviews, journals, portfolios, photos, memos, questionnaires, self-assessments, observations etc. The difficult part is figuring out which data collection source you want to opt for. You need to select the type that will help you gather the most accurate data most efficiently. You can also use a combination of sources for a more significant research.
  • Interpretation of Data:
    Identify the main components of your outcome. This will depend on what your research question enquires or what your hypothesis wants to determine. You can compose the main points of your interpretation in the form of bullets for easy readability. If the information can be developed in the form of a table, chart or graph then it should be.
  • Suggested Action Based On Data:
    Based on the outcome of your results, you will recommend action for the future. This may be the action that will change variables of your study or will opportunity to conduct further research to analyze the variables.
Three main phases in the action research:
  • Look:
    This is the phase where you look around you for information and evaluate the problem that is to be investigated.
  • Think:
    This is the part where you look at the analysis and the interpositions of the situation. Here, areas of deficiencies are catered and managed.
  • Act:
    It is necessary to have an open mind to change for the resolution of the problems. Here, we judge the effectiveness of the solutions and try to implement them.

In conclusion, the methodology example is used to deepen knowledge and practices have been quite common these days. This is the kind of research that is not limited to research students but extends to all who observe drawbacks in their environment and want to conduct investigative research to correct the situation.

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